Category Archives: Forms 10, 11

Task 17. A Philosophy Professor and His Students

   A philosophy professor stood before his class and had some items in front of him. When the class began, wordlessly he picked up a very large and empty jar and proceeded to fill it with rocks about 2 inches in diameter.
   He then asked the students if the jar was full. They agreed that it was. So the professor then picked up a box of pebbles and poured them into the jar. He shook the jar lightly. The pebbles, of course, rolled into the open areas between the rocks.
   He then asked the students again if the jar was full. They agreed it was. The professor picked up a box of sand and poured it into the jar. Of course, the sand filled up everything else. He then asked once more if the jar was full. The students answered together, “Yes”.
   The professor then showed two cans of beer from under the table and began to pour their entire contents into the jar – effectively filling the empty space between the sand. The students laughed.
   “Now”, said the professor, as the laughter stopped, “I want you to recognize that this jar represents your life. The rocks are the important things – your family, your partner, your health, and your children. Things, that if everything else was lost and only they remained, your life would still be full. The pebbles are the other things that matter like your job, your house, and your car. The sand is everything else. The small stuff”.
   “If you put the sand into the jar first”, he continued, “there is no room for the pebbles or the rocks. The same goes for your life. If you spend all your time and energy on the small stuff, you will never have room for the things that are important to you. Pay attention to the things that are critical to your happiness. Play with your children. Take time to get medical checkups.There will always be time to go to work, clean the house, give a dinner party and fix the disposal”.
   “Take care of the rocks first, the things that really matter. Set your priorities. The rest is just sand”.
   One of the students raised her hand and asked what the beer represented.The professor smiled. “I’m glad you asked. It just goes to show you that no matter how full your life may seem, there’s always room for a couple of beers”.

Task 16. Doctor Jones and His Patient

   The telephone rang and doctor Jones took up the receiver. His patient’s servant asked him to come to their place. “I can do nothing with the old man,” he said and doctor agreed to come at once.
   He had thought much about his patient since his last visit and knew what the matter was. His patient, a rich old man, liked to buy things at high prices. In a short period of time he had spent very much money. His friends were afraid that he would soon be pennyless, that’s why they wanted the doctor to do something to stop him.
   The doctor was thinking about it when he entered his patient’s house that day. “Good morning!” he greeted the old man. “How are you today? I want to tell you something.” The old man who was sitting in an armchair turned to him. “What is it? More medicine or some other idea?” he asked. “Would you like to study art?” asked the doctor. “It will do your health much good.” “Why should I? I don’t understand it,” the old man answered. “It doesn’t matter. You must study it. I can get a student from an art school, who will come here once a week and give you lessons,” the doctor said. His patient who wanted to be sound agreed.
   A few days later the doctor found an art student who was glad to accept his offer.Five dollars a lesson was not bad at all. The next morning the lessons began. The old man studied hard and often visited art exhibitions. He even stopped buying things at high prices. He decided to exhibit one of his own pictures. It was a very bad picture and the doctor could not understand why the exhibition accepted it.
   Some days passed. One morning the old man received a letter. “Read it to me,” he asked the doctor, “I am tired.” “Your picture has received the first prize,” the doctor said. “Now, I believe, you like art more than anything else.” “Oh, no! Art is nothing,” said the old man. “I’ve bought the exhibition.”

Task 15. Jim Thorpe

   Jim_Thorpe_GiantsJim Thorpe was perhaps the greatest athlete the United States has ever had. James Francis Thorpe was born on May 28, 1888 in Oklahoma. First he went to a public school for Indians near his home. In 1904 he entered the Carlisle Indian School. He did not have enough money to study full-time and had to interrupt his education several times as he had to earn his living.
   The director of athletics at Carlisle was Glenn warner, a famous athletic trainer. Warner began to train Thorpe for football and track. Jim became the best American football player. He also competed in baseball, basketball, tennis and swimming.
   In 1912 the Olympic Games were held in Stockholm. Never before in the history of the Modern Olympics had one man competed in both pentathlon and decathlon at one meeting of the Olympic Games. Thorpe did this and he won two gold medals.
   According to the rules only amateur athletes can take part in the Olympic Games. One of the reporters discovered that Thorpe had earned 25 dollars a month playing baseball during two summer vacations some years before. He was not therefore an amateur athlete and he had to return his gold medals. The men who came second in the pentathlon and decathlon refused to take them saying they really belonged to Thorpe.
   Thorpe decided to give up amateur athletics. He became a professional baseball and football player. He continued to play professional football and baseball until 1929.
   Since 1929 Thorpe had odd jobs: he worked as a laborer in California, sometimes he played the part of an Indian in movies about the old West.
   On March 28, 1953 Thorpe died in the town of Lomita, California, a poor lonely man not quite 65 years old.
interrupt – переривати
track (скорочення від track and field events) – легка атлетика
compete – змагатися
pentathlon – п’ятиборство
decathlon – десятиборство
odd jobs – випадкова робота
laborer – робітник, чорнороб
Carlisle – [ka:lail] – м. Карлайл
Choose the correct answer A, B, C, or D to each question:
1. Who was the greatest athlete the United States has ever had?
a) Garry Potter
b) Jim Thorpe
c) Arnold Schwarzenegger
d) Tomas Anderson
2. When and where was he born?
a) On May 28, 1888 in Oklahoma
b) On May 28, 1888 in Mexico
c) On May 28, 1888 in Washington
d) On May 28, 1888 in Oxford
3. What school did he go to first?
a) First he went to a Grammar school near his home.
b) First he went to a private school near his home.
c) First he went to a public school for Indians near his home.
d) First he went to a kindergarten near his home.
4. When did he enter the Carlisle Indian School?
a) In 1904
b) In 1804
c) In 1704
d) In 2004
5. Why did he have to interrupt his education several times?
a) He didn’t have enough money to study full-time.
b) He didn’t want to study.
c) He was busy taking part in sports competitions.
d) He was not interested in studying at all.
6. What did Warner begin to train Thorpe for?
a) for football and basketball
b) for football and track
c) for tennis and track
d) for skating and basketball
7. Where were the Olympic Games held in 1912?
a) in Switzerland
b) in Sweden
c) in Liverpool
d) in Stockholm
8. How many medals did Thorne win?
a) three
b) one
c) two
d) six
9. What was the reason of Thorpe’s returning his gold medals?
a) He was not an amateur athlete. He earned 25 dollars a month plying baseball.
b) Somebody discovered that he had taken drugs.
c) He did not want to get them.
10. How long did he continue his professional sport activities?
a) until 1829
b) until 1729
c) until 1929
d) until 1939
11. When and where did he die?
a) On September 28, 1953 Thorpe died in the town of Lomita, California, a poor lonely man.
b) On April 28, 1953 Thorpe died in the town of Lomita, California, a poor lonely man.
c) On May 28, 1953 Thorpe died in the town of Lomita, California, a poor lonely man.
d) On March 28, 1953 Thorpe died in the town of Lomita, California, a poor lonely man.

Task 14. Holiday Choice

   Over 300 million people take holidays abroad every year, and a recent survey has shown that they would rather cut back spending on food and clothing than spend less on holidays. Choosing the ideal holiday is not always easy, but in this day and age there is a wide range of choice, and you should be able to find something to suit your taste and pocket.
   Some people like planning their holiday independently, while others prefer to book a package. It depends on where you’re going, how much money you have, and whether you’re travelling alone, or with friends or family.
   The obvious advantage of a package holiday is that it’s simple to organize. You book the holiday through a travel agent, and transport, insurance and accommodation are all arranged for you. All you have to do is pay the bill. If you take an independent holiday, on the other hand, you can spend a lot of time and a small fortune checking complicated timetables, chasing cheap flights, and trying to make hotel booking in a language you can’t even speak. What is more, package holidays are often incredibly cheap. For the price of a suit, you can have a fortnight in a foreign resort, including accommodation, meals, and air travel. A similar independent holiday, however, can work out much more expensive.
   Yet the advantages of planning your holiday yourself are considerable. You are free to choose exactly where and when you want to go, how you want to travel, and how long you want to stay. You can avoid the large resorts, whereas holiday-makers on package tours are often trapped among crowds of other tourists. You can eat the food of the region at reasonable prices in local restaurants, while they are served with “international” dishes and chips with everything. Besides, although package holidays are usually extremely good value for money, they are not always cheaper. If you’re willing to take a little trouble, you may be able to save money by fixing up a foreign holiday yourself.
   All things considered, I would prefer to plan my holiday independently. In my view, it’s safer to do it yourself!
package – пакет угод
package holiday – комплексна туристична поїздка чи екскурсія
incredibly – неймовірно
to trap – ловити в пастки, капкани
to fix up – організувати, привести до норми
booking – розташування замовлень

Task 13. A Day in the Life of Jim Barber, Scottish Footballer

   He doesn’t usually get up till 8.30. On a match day Jim will get up even later. He’ll sit in bed, watch breakfast TV for a while, and then go down, get the mail, have a coffee and read the papers. He’ll have a wash and then he’ll get to go to the club. “Rangers” is probably the only club where the players have to come in every morning wearing a shirt and a tie; it’s a traditional thing and he quite likes it really.
   Every day except Sunday, Jim will be at the club by 10. It’s a short drive but he’ll still be a few minutes late. He has a bad reputation for being late, and that caused his being fined many times. Each day of training is in preparation for the next match. The team will do some weight training and some running to build up stamina. Players work on particular aspects of the game but tactics are usually left till match day.
   The matches themselves are always different from each other. You go through a lot of emotions during a game but really it’s a question of concentration. You’ve got just 90 minutes to give everything you’ve got and take every chance you can. There’s luck, there’s being in the right place at the right time, but you can’t make use of those without concentration and responsibility.
   Sports writers often talk about age but it’s not something that bothers Jim. He’s 30 and feels fantastic. He missed a few games last year due to injury and his place was taken by a young player at “Rangers”. They are friends but the youngster is a threat to Jim’s position. His job is to score goals and if he doesn’t he’ll be replaced.
   Jim tries not to let football rule his home life but his wife would probably disagree; last year they only got three weeks’ holiday. It’s difficult for Alison, Jim’s wife, but Jim thinks she’s learned to accept it. She likes football and comes to the matches. Her husband does like to go out and see friends but he always has dinner with his wife.
   After training Jim will usually have a sauna and then they’ll have lunch; salads and pasta, stuff like that. In the afternoon the players just try to relax. Jim started playing golf with the rest of the lads, and he loves horse racing, too. His other great hobby is music, which helps him to escape the pressure of work.
   The best thing in football is scoring goals – and Jim is a top goal-scorer. It feels absolutely fantastic but he never feels above the rest of the team; if he did, he wouldn’t last two minutes in the dressing room. Any success he has is a team success. Jim’s idol in the past was always Kenny Dalglish. His idols now are the other “Rangers” players.
   Jim usually goes to bed about midnight. Sometimes he does worry when he thinks of the day it all ends and he stops scoring. That scares him, and he can’t see himself playing for any other team, either, but the reality is that the players don’t make the decisions. If someone makes your club a good enough offer for you, they’ll accept it. But Jim tries not to let things like that bother him.
stamina – виносливість
particular – окремий
responsibility – відповідальність
to bother – надокучати, турбувати
injury – пошкодження
a threat – загроза
Task 1. Decide if the sentences 1-10 are true (T) or false (F)

  1. The “Glasgow Rangers” prefer to dress quite formally.
  2. Every training session includes work on tactics.
  3. Jim doesn’t seem to like discipline very much.
  4. Luck is necessary for a football player.
  5. Jim is not going to retire yet.
  6. Jim and Allison’s marriage is not quite happy.
  7. The “Rangers” usually have one training session a day.
  8. The players do not seem to be too friendly to each other.
  9. Jim usually has enough sleep at night.
  10. Jim is always sure in his future.

Task 2. Choose the correct answer A, B, C, or D to each question:
1. In the morning Jim usually has …
a) only coffee
b) only breakfast
c) coffee and breakfast
d) tea and juice
2.  Training session in “Glasgow Rangers” normally take place …
a) 7 days a week
b) 6 days a week
c) 5 days a week
d) every other day
3. The “Glasgow Rangers” players sometimes have to …
a) play football
b) arrive a few minutes in advance
c) miss training sessions
d) pay money for being late
4. For Jim, playing football is rather a chance …
a) to socialize
b) to express his personality
c) to perform in front of the audience
d) to escape from his wife
5. The main thing for a good football player is …
a) intelligence
b) physical condition
c) ability to focus
d) fortune
6. Jim’s wife …
a) is a good support for her husband
b) only pretends she likes football
c) has always felt the same way
d) likes to play football herself
7. Jim seems to be …
a) a very sociable person
b) a reserved man
c) a bad husband
d) a good eater
8. The “Glasgow Rangers” players normally have spare time…
a) in the morning
b) at night
c) in the afternoon
d) on weekends
9. It looks like Kenny Dalglish was …
a) an example of a team player
b) a very selfish man
c) a very unpleasant person
d) a hermit
10. Jim is aware of the fact …
a) football players have to quit after 30
b) he can be sold to another team
c) it is hard to go to bed at midnight
d) he will never score a goal any more